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Principality of Andorra
Principat d'Andorra

Flag of Andorra.png Coat of arms of Andorra.png
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Virtus Unita Fortior"(Latin)
"Strength United is Stronger"
Anthem: El Gran Carlemany, Mon Pare(Catalan)
The Great Charlemagne, my Father
Location Andorra Europe.png
Capital
and largest city
Andorra la Vella
Official languages Catalan[1]3
Ethnic groups 36.6% Andorran, 33.0% Spanish, 16.3% Portuguese, 6.3% French, 7.8% others.[2]
Demonym Andorran
Government Unitary parliamentary democracy and Constitutional diarchy
 -  Co-Princes Joan Enric Vives Sicília
François Hollande
 -  Representatives Nemesi Marqués Oste
Sylvie Hubac
 -  Prime Minister Antoni Martí
Independence
 -  Paréage from the Crown of Aragon 
Area
 -  Total 467.63 km2 (191st)
180.55 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 0.26 (121.4 ha)[3][4]
Population
 -  31 December 2009 estimate 84,082[5] (194th)
 -  2006 census 69,150
 -  Density 179.8/km2 (71st)
465.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $4.22 billion (155th)
 -  Per capita $44,900 (9th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 -  Total $2.893 billion[6] (155th)
 -  Per capita $34,240[6] (28th)
Gini (2003)27.21[7]
low
HDI (2011)Increase 0.838[8]
very high · 32nd
Currency Euro (€)1 (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +376
Internet TLD .ad2

Andorra (officially called the Principality of Andorra) is a European country between Spain and France. There are about 84,000 people living in the country. The capital is Andorra la Vella. It is ruled by a Spanish Bishop and the French President. Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy.

Andorra is a rich country mostly because of tourism. There are about 10.2 million visitors each year.[9]

The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also used.

It is not a member of the European Union.The euro is the money used.

HistoryEdit

It is said that Charles the Great (Charlemagne) gave the Andorran people their country in return for fighting against the Moors.

Before 1095, Andorra did not have any type of military protection. The Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell decided to rule Andorra together. In 1607 Henry IV of France said the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell would be co-princes of Andorra.

Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany during World War I. It did not do any fighting. They stayed against Germany until 1957 because they were not in the Treaty of Versailles.

Andorra doesn't have an Army.[10] France and Spain help to defend Andorra. The country has a police force of 295.

ParishesEdit

Andorra has seven parishes:

GeographyEdit

Andorra is in the Pyrenees mountain range. The highest mountain is Coma Pedrosa.

CitiesEdit

The largest cities in Andorra are:

Ranking Name Population
1 Andorra la Vella 19,319
2 Escaldes-Engordany 14,395
3 Encamp 8,470
4 Sant Julià de Lòria 7,518
5 La Massana 4,987
6 Santa Coloma 2,937
7 Ordino 2,780
8 El Pas de la Casa 2,613
9 Canillo 2,025
10 Arinsal 1,555

For other locations in Andorra, see List of cities in Andorra.

ReligionEdit

The population of Andorra is mostly (90%) Roman Catholic.[11] Their patron saint is Our Lady of Meritxell.

EducationEdit

Children between the ages of 6 and 16 must have full-time education. Education up to secondary level is paid by the government.

The University of Andorra (UdA) is the state public university. It is the only university in Andorra.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Constitution of Andorra (Article 2.1)
  2. Estadísticas de población de Andorra. Ministerio de Justicia e Interior de Andorra
  3. Girard P & Gomez P (2009), Lacs des Pyrénées: Andorre. Template:Fr
  4. Andorra en xifres 2007: Situació geogràfica, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra. Retrieved on 6 June 2010.
  5. Dades de població any 2009: 1- Població per parròquies al 31 de desembre del 2009, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra. Retrieved on 6 June 2010.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Andorra 2008, Crèdit Andorrà.
  7. Estadistica.ad
  8. Template:Cite web
  9. Estadistica.ad, Departament d'Estadística, Govern d'Andorra. Template:Ca
  10. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/an.html
  11. Template:Cite web

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