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Constitutional monarchy is a form of government. It is also called limited monarchy. A monarch is the head of state, but must follow a constitution.

Most constitutional monarchies use a parliamentary system.

Contemporary constitutional monarchies include the United Kingdom and Commonwealth realms, Belgium, Bhutan, Bahrain, Cambodia, Denmark, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Liechtenstein, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Monaco, Morocco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, and Thailand.


List of current reigning monarchiesEdit

The following is a list of reigning monarchies. Except where noted, monarch selection is hereditary as directed by the state's constitution.

State Last constitution established Type of monarchy Monarch selection
Template:Country data Antigua and Barbuda 1981 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Andorra 1993 Co-Principality Selection of Bishop of La Seu d'Urgell and election of French President
Template:Country data Australia 1901 Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy. Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data The Bahamas 1973 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Barbados 1966 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Bahrain 2002 Kingdom
Template:Country data Belgium 1831 Kingdom; popular monarchy[1]
Template:Country data Belize 1981 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Bhutan 2007 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Cambodia 1993 Kingdom Chosen by throne council
Template:Country data Canada 1867 (last updated 1982) Constitutional Monarchy and Federal Parliamentary Democracy. Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Denmark 1953
Template:Country data Greenland 2009 Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy. Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Grenada 1974 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Jamaica 1962 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Japan 1946 Empire Hereditary succession
Template:Country data Jordan 1952 Kingdom
Template:Country data Kuwait 1962 Emirate Hereditary succession, with directed approval of the House of Al-Sabah and majority of National Assembly
Template:Country data Lesotho 1993 Kingdom Hereditary succession directed approval of College of ChiefsTemplate:Citation needed
Template:Country data Liechtenstein 1862 Principality
Template:Country data Luxembourg 1868 Grand duchy
Template:Country data Malaysia 1957 Elective monarchy; Federal monarchy Selected from nine hereditary Sultans of the Malay states
Template:Country data Monaco 1911 Kingdom
Template:Country data Morocco 1666 Kingdom
Template:Country data Netherlands 1815 Kingdom
Template:Country data Norway 1814 Kingdom
Template:Country data New Zealand 1907 Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy. Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Papua New Guinea 1975 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Saint Lucia 1979 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Solomon Islands 1978 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data Spain 1978 Kingdom
Template:Country data Swaziland 1968 Kingdom; Mixture of absolute and constitutional monarchy Hereditary succession
Template:Country data Sweden 1974 Kingdom Switched from semi-constitutional monarchy to constitutional monarchy
Template:Country data Thailand 2007 Kingdom
Template:Country data Tonga 1970 Kingdom
Template:Country data Tuvalu 1978 Kingdom Hereditary succession.
Template:Country data United Arab Emirates 1971 Federal Union of Emirate
Elective monarchy
President elected by the seven absolute monarchs of the Federal Supreme Council
Template:Country data United Kingdom 1688 Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy. Hereditary succession.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Belgium is the only existing popular monarchy — a system in which the monarch's title is linked to the people rather than a state. The title of Belgian kings is not King of Belgium, but instead King of the Belgians. Another unique feature of the Belgian system is that the new monarch does not automatically assume the throne at the death or abdication of his predecessor; he only becomes monarch upon taking a constitutional oath.

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